Charyas (Lifestyle â€“ Routines)
Ayurveda explains the concept of Dinacharya(Daily Routines) and Ritucharya(Seasonal Routines) for healthy body. These routines help us to keep our doshas in equilibrium.
1 Wake up early at least 1 hour before sun rise.
2 Attending nature’s call (Malotsarg) – bowels, urination etc. Never suppress nor forcefully void the
natural urges – Vegavidharan (suppression) can lead to many diseases. For defecation one should
always use toilets and it should not be done in open grounds. After defecation, the anal area should be
cleaned properly with water and hands should be washed properly with soap.
3 Care of Teeth – Usage of fresh stick of Neem (Azadirachta indica), Khadir (Acacia catechu) etc. can
clean teeth, and vanish foul smell.
4 Nasal drops (Nasya)- Put two drops of sesame oil/ mustard oil/ghee or Anu Talia (An Ayurvedic
medicine if available)- It prevents premature greying of hair, baldness and ensures good sleep.
5 Mouth wash (Gandush)- Fill mouth with Triphala decoction or other medicated oils – It prevents
excess thirst, improves taste and maintains oral hygiene. It is also useful in managing the mouth ulcers
and dryness commonly seen in Diabetes patients.
6 Oleation (Abhyanga)- application of oil daily e.g. Tila Taila (Seasame oil) – Keeps skin soft, improves
blood circulation and removes waste. This helps in prevention of numbness of extremities due to
Diabetes. Apply Tila (Seasame) oil or any suitable oil on head in sufficient quantity which enhances
the strength of head and forehead and makes hair black, long and deep-rooted.
7 Exercise (Vyayama)- Exercise should be done till sweat rolls down from neck, forehead etc. Exercising
early in the morning can help remove stagnation in the body and can help recharge and rejuvenate
your body and mind for a productive day. Regular exercise is an important step for prevention and
management of various ailments.
8 Hair should be kept properly and should be cut regularly. Similarly, nails should also be kept clear and
should be cut regularly.
9 Bath (Snana) – Take bath half to one hour after exercise – Prevents premature greying of hair, baldness,
ensures good sleep and physical hygiene.
10 Food (Bhojan)- The various aspects as mentioned in the topic diet should be followed.
11 Sleep (Nidra)- Keep the environment clean and pleasant. Avoid sleeping in day.- Proper sleep
provides health and longevity. Improves complexion and glow. One should take proper sleep every
night, which should be between 6-8 hours per night. In summer one can take a small nap during day
time also. Too much sleep and too little sleep, both are not good for healthy living. Generally day
sleeping is not advisable.
Ayurveda stresses a lot at the role of seasons on the body and advises that we must change our daily routine depending on the seasons. This is known as Ritucharya. It helps in
preserving the health as the season changes.
Tips to combat summer heat
There are certain measures that you can take to combat the summer heat and stay cool and comfortable.Follow these guidelines:-
1.Drink plenty of liquids like coconut water, sugarcane juice, buttermilk or atleast 10 glass of water a day.
2. Eat light food- avoid hot, spicy, oily meals and opt for foods high in water content including fruits, salads,
soups and buttermilk.
3. While going out, wear a white handkerchief or use an umbrella to block sunrays.
4. Do outdoor work in the early mornings or late evenings.
5. Take frequent baths and showers and apply sandal (chandan) paste to body for cooling the body.
6. Wear light – coloured, loose-fitting cotton clothes.
7. Smoking can constrict blood vessels and impair the ability to acclimatize to heat, so quit it.
8. Your lunch should consist of boiled rice or roti with watery decoction of pulses or curries with thin gravy.
Always end it with buttermilk or curd. Make it a point to drink some fruit juice in the afternoon after lunch. Similarly, the menu of supper should contain enough onions, mint and coriander leaves, in the form of chutney, made salty and sour by adding salt and lemon juice.
The adverse effects of monsoon and how to combat them
- The body is weakened during summer, as it is the period of dehydration. The digestive power is also weakened. It is further weakened during the rains. Hence, it is advisable to take moderate diet during the rainy season.
- Avoid sleeping during the day time.
3. Use clean drinking water ((boiled and cooled).
4. Avoid too much exercise and moving about in the sun after a spell of rain.
5. Wear light and clean clothes and try to keep the rooms devoid of humidity.
How to combat the winter cold
- During winter, digestive power becomes stronger and it can effectively digest heavy and large quantities
of food. To satiate this, take plenty of food. Consume milk, and new cereals as dietary staples.
2. Massaging the skin with mustard oil is good during winter.
3. Avoid cold foods.
4. Eat plenty of green vegetables and seasonal fruits.
5. Cream of milk/ Ghee is good for cracked lips.
6. Honey is a good and valuable natural healer. Apply it over cracked lips after diluting it with double the quantity of water.
Activities during spring (basant) season
1. During spring season food becomes easily digestible, diluted honey, water boiled with extracts of sandalwood, mango juice, barley, bengal gram (chana) etc can be taken in. It is better to avoid heavy, oily, cold, fatty food & sweet and sour stuff.
2. Massage, exercise, and fomentation can be used.